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The main sources for poverty indicators are administrative data: the Crossroads Bank for Social Security, Public Planning Service for Social Integration (data on Public Centre for Social Welfare) and tax statistics published by the Directorate-General for Statistics and Economic Information. Statistics relating to unemployment are available via Actiris.

A number of indicators are drawn from surveys (often with a limited possibility of analysis given the small samples for the Brussels-Capital Region): Mainly the European survey EU-SILC (Statistics on income and living conditions) and the Labour Force Survey.


 Our indicators are currently only available in French or in Dutch.


The reader will find a detailed description and in-depth analyses (cross-referenced with various indicators) with commentaries for poverty indicators in the following documents:

  • Social Barometer (published annually since 2005): indicators of the demographic context, household composition, percentage of persons below the risk-of-poverty threshold, average and median incomes, population in receipt of replacement incomes, excessive debt; indicators for the labour market, long-term unemployment, population living in a household with no earned income, housing situation; indicators of social health inequalities, level of education, social integration and participation. Indicators for the National Action Plan for Social Inclusion are presented where available for the Brussels region, to enable comparisons with the rest of the country and EU.
    Publication 2010 available in French and Dutch
  • 2006 Brussels-Capital Social and Health Atlas. Detailed description of socio-economic characteristics of the Brussels population per statistical district and cross-referencing of various characteristics (2001 general socio-economic survey): typology of households, housing (comfort, facilities, rent, ownership), incomes, level of education, entry into the labour market, professional status, appraisal of the immediate environment, link between health and social status.
    Publication in French and Dutch, summary available in English
  • Living at home after the age of 65. Atlas of Needs and Actors in Brussels.  Indicators relating to the precarious social position of older persons by statistical district (incomes, level of education, tenure status), comfort of housing, recipients of preferential reimbursement rates for healthcare insurance.
    Publication in French and Dutch, summary available in English
  • Brussels-Capital Region State of Poverty reports  (2004, 2002, 2000, 1999). Poverty indicators for the years 1998 to 2002: recipients of basic welfare benefits, recipients of financial aid from the Public centre for Social Welfare, socio-professional integration via the Public centre for Social Welfare, recipients of the guaranteed income for the elderly, average income, employment and joblessness.
    Publication in French and Dutch
  • Health and social files in the Brussels-Capital Region - Municipality Files. There are several poverty indicators by municipality: single parent families, average and median income per district, persons living on a minimum or replacement income, births in a family with no earned income and comparison with regional data for the years 1998-2002.
    Publication in French and Dutch